The School of Design and Environment (SDE) at the National University of Singapore (NUS) is envisioning a new proposal for the NUS Faculty of Architecture Bus Stop along Clementi road.
We invite all students of SDE to participate in this design competition and win the chance to share and realise your visions for the new bus stop!
The new shelter is an essential part of the redevelopment of the SDE campus and will offer inventive opportunities for improving existing services and products. Close to the main SDE entrance, facing the West elevation of the School’s blocks 1 and 3, the existing bus stop serves a large population of travellers (students, visitors and faculty members) and it is a frequently operated route, being a critical entrance to the University from the southern part of Singapore.
In conjunction with SDE50, we are holding an open design competition for SDE students for redeveloping the bus stop. Under a Research and Development (R&D) scheme, the design is essentially a platform for technologies for improved health and wellbeing of users and shall support the School’s vision of an integrated WELL&GREEN campus. Not only its design should improve access, convenience and visibility but it should also create a comfortable and vibrant environment, an innovative model of bus stop design.
Location Map NUS Faculty of Architecture Bus Stop; Clementi road
The current infrastructure shows problematics that SDE students and faculty have highlighted over the years:
University’s identity and sense of arrival: Previous surveys conducted to students/staff showed high dissatisfaction for the appearance of this gateway: from the Clementi bus stop to the SDE entrance. Many describe a notable lack of sense of arrival that affects the way visitors and students perceive the School and NUS at large. The redesign of this entrance shall improve the identity of the University by implementing design strategies and technologies in support of a liveable and sustainable campus. This will include an integrated design that embeds a bus stop together with new pathways (leading to SDE4) and walkways to the SDE main entrance (linked to SDE1-3). This approach would enhance the attractiveness of the University and the visitors’ experience within the NUS campus;
Platform for research and pedagogy: Both the process and design of this gateway shall support the functioning of NUS/SDE as a living lab. Students will be involved in the design of discrete elements. The bus stop design competition is one such element, where the new design shall become a prototype to meet the needs of diverse population (population growth, demographics, etc.). This relates to a people-centric design that focuses on providing users with options to improve efficiency, public awareness, resilience and community’s well-being;
Sustainable and smart transport system: In tandem with Singapore’s ambition to be a Smart Nation, the redevelopment of this infrastructure shall look at long-termism, adopting sensors, data analytics and IoT devices for improved efficiency, information system, digital upgrade etc. Being developed as a sustainable structure, decarbonisation will be the core of this development with integration of energy productions systems (ex. PV), innovative fabrication and the provision of on-site stations for charging, presentation of climate data (air quality etc.);
Infrastructural issues: Several areas of the existing canopy show cracks and fissures which cause leakage and water infiltration causing problems to pedestrian flows and access. In addition to this, the new SDE drop-off’s design shall integrate and harmonise with the covered walkways to keep a consistent design language across the SDE west elevation (SDE1-3-4).
The awarded scheme must be an intelligent design that understands the area where it is located reflecting the culture and climate of Singapore. Below is a list of requirements the design shall investigate and fulfil:
Improved Air Quality
The design shall integrate clean-tech ideas to reduce air pollution and provide a cleaner environment to the users. This can be achieved through new mechanical systems or architectural details (ex. air filtration systems, pollution-absorbing green walls, etc.). The results and outcomes of this approach must be made available to the travellers for public awareness.
As part of a larger campus approach to sustainability, the new bus stop will be a solar powered facility integrating photovoltaic cells, LED lighting and energy efficient systems. It shall also explore opportunities to integrate natural elements, water and greenery, within the structure. The new design may even encapsulate nature in a sort of greenhouse garden.
In addition to providing shelter and services to bus travellers, the new bus stop shall become a hybrid combination of technologies/facilities fulfilling the needs of different types of users. It shall integrate bike racks, new furniture prototypes, art and design to facilitate different uses for walking, seating, bicycling etc. Its structure should be designed as a foldable volume, a design prototype of recycled material, a 3D printed shell or any other innovative solution for ease of maintenance and replicability.
Designed as a smart facility, it shall provoke curiosity in the public by gravitating people towards key interactive points embedded in the design. Interactive maps, interactive network of bus stops, interactive tours of the School and Singapore, areas to power-up mobiles, provision of Wi-Fi points, etc.
Smart panels with intuitive displays for public interaction. Project Bus Stop along Jurong Gateway Road, Singapore. Source: DP Architects
Applications of novel material and technology
Nanotechnology and nanomaterials offer interesting new opportunities in buildings and construction industry. For example, the application of novel materials (such as radiative cooling, phase change materials, and aerogel, etc.) on the shelter of bus stops can efficiently reduce solar heat gain and provide a cooler and cleaner environment for the commuters. Since the air pollution levels at bus stops could be 3.5 times higher than at ambient levels in Singapore, a healthier and comfortable environment is needed for commuters waiting at bus stops. Nanotechnology and nanomaterials (such as nano-TiO2) can be deployed to work with special air filters made from recycled waste (such as biochar air filters) to provide an effective and sustainable means to improve the air quality in the vicinity of the bus stop. Moreover, resource efficient and environmentally-friendly technologies, such as multi-material 3D printing, should also be considered in the production process.
Solar photovoltaic deployment in shaded environments
As our urban environment moves towards sustainable and responsible use of energy, solar photovoltaics (PV) has attracted global attention for green electricity. With the large energy potential that is received from the sun, cities have tapped on this resource through various modes of solar PV deployment such as rooftops, floating reservoirs, and facades. However, there remains untapped areas for deployment, such as bus stops that can be found in transport networks in cities. The deployment of solar PV on bus stops not only provides clean electricity for live traffic updates, smart sensors, and interactive displays for advertisements, but also provides shade on the bus stop, thereby cooling users.
In the context of this project, solar PV will be deployed in the bus stop as mentioned in the second requirement (Resource Management: Energy, Water, and Greenery). From the figure below, the bus stop is surrounded by tall tress which provide shading that reduces the electricity generated by PV modules.
Google Street View of the bus stop indicating shading by adjacent trees. Source: Google
The incorporation of solar PV in bus stops has been demonstrated in several pilot projects such as those highlighted in the pictures below (Europe and Singapore).
Example of solar module incorporation in Europe with trees around the structure. Source: EnergoMobil
Project Bus Stop by DP Architects highlights an interactive bus stop that incorporates solar modules for renewable power. Source: DP Architects
Hence, the submission should explore creative and aesthetic designs for PV module incorporation to circumvent this limitation. The design should consider two PV setups: 1) Control: Typical PV modules without shade-tolerant strategies, and 2) Intervention: PV modules with shade-tolerant strategies. If possible, the control and intervention PV modules should have the same tilt and orientation so that the only variable is the incorporation of shade-tolerant strategies and not the difference in irradiation levels due to differences in tilt and orientation.
The student design competition will be launched in May 2019 by the School of Design and Environment in collaboration with NUS University Campus Infrastructure. The awarded design will be presented in the second semester, in September 2019. The design will then enter a phase of schematic design and design development. Its construction will be completed by December 2020 or in conjunction with the completion of SDE1/3 renovation.
Please form a team of between 3 to 5 members. While not mandatory, we recommend that you form interdisciplinary teams comprising at least 2 different departments from SDE.
Prizes for the Design Competition
The Design jury will select 3 winning schemes who will receive the following prizes:
Grand Winner - $3,000
First Runner-up - $2,000
Second Runner-up - $1,000
2 members from each winning team will also be invited to the SDE50 Gala Dinner at Resorts World Sentosa on 2 Oct 2019. (Each dinner seat is worth $250)
Each proposal will consist of the following submissions:
A. Design Report:
Each proposal is required to submit both a hard copy and a digital copy. Each report is of A-4 size (210 × 280 mm or 8.27 × 11.02 inches) comprising maximum 30 pages (double sided printing) outlining the vision and objectives of the proposal. The report must include the following:
Title of the proposal
Name and department of team members, email and mobile contact
About 300 words description of the proposal
Summary of analysis of site and issues
Site plan (indicate scale bar)
Overview of design strategies
Feasibility (technical, etc.)
Images & illustrations
B. Scale Model (Optional):
The submission of a model is optional so as not to impose the cost of production on the students. If the team wishes to complement their drawings with a model, they are free to do so. However, the model should be the same design as shown in the drawing and not a variation of it. The jury will disregard the model if it is vastly different from the images & illustrations presented in the Design Report.
A. Hard copy of Design Report (and Scale Model – Optional):
One hard copy of the design report and scale model (optional) are to be submitted to:
SDE 4 level 6 (AKI) studio space on 03 September 2019 (to be submitted from 3pm to 4pm)
B. Digital copy of Design Report
The digital copy of the design report in PDF format should be emailed to:
By 4pm on 03 September 2019